Based off of GenderQueerism 101, By JAC Stringer
Exec. Director, Midwest Trans* and Queer Wellness Initiative
Gender, Bodies, and Identities
• Sex (Sexual Identity) is the categorization of a person's physiological status and/or genetic make-up.
– Physical anatomy, genetic status, and biology that determine whether someone is male, female, or intersex.
– Sex is socially constructed conceptually as what a “normal” body is assumed to be
• Gender is the social construction of masculinity and femininity in a specific culture.
• Gender Identity is a person's personal, psychological sense of self as being male/masculine, female/feminine, both, or neither.
• Gender Expression. The presentation of one's self through personality and/or body language; how someone is perceived by others.
• Gender Perception (aka attribution: how a person’s gender is “read” or interpreted by others based on assumptions made from visible gender expectations
• Gender Non-conforming. Refers to people and/or presentations that do not conform to traditional gender norms. May be used in tandem with other identities.
• An umbrella term referring to a person whose gender differs from the gender they were designated at birth on the basis of their assumed genetic and/or physical sex.
Designated Female at Birth (DFAB): A person who was designated to be the female sex at birth and identifies as male; A person who has a prominent masculine &/or male component.
– Transmasculine, Transman, Transguy/boy/boi, FTM, F2M
– Transfeminine,Transwoman, Transgal/girl/grrl, MTF, M2F
• Umbrella term to describe gender non-conforming people who do not fit into traditional binary of identity and/or expression.
• Identify gender identity, gender, and/or sexual orientation to be outside of the binary gender system or culturally proscribed gender roles.
• May or may not fit on the spectrum of trans
• May identify as both transgender and queer
• Have gender identities, gender expressions or gendered behaviors not traditionally associated with their sex.
• May have politicized usage, or not
• May prefer gender neutral/all-gender pronouns
Transgender people can and may include:
• Transmen (Transguys, FTM): designated the female sex at birth, identify as partly to fully male.
• Transwomen (Transgirls, MTF): designated the male sex at birth, identify as partly to fully female.
• Transsexuals (TS): (A relative term) People who may have some kind of physical/medical transition.
• GenderQueers: Identities (and sometimes presentations) outside the gender binary of male and female
• Crossdressers: who dress as a gender expression aligned to a gender that is not their own gender identity some or all of the time.
• Androgynous/Androgene: identifying as neither male nor female; OR presenting a gender either mixed, all, or neutral.
• Agender (Also Non-gender): not identifying with any gender, the feeling of having no gender.
• Polygender: Identifying as more than one gender or a spectrum of genders; bi-gender, third-gender, pangender, intergender.
Gender and Soceity
• Gender Role: The behaviors, attitudes, values, beliefs etc. that a cultural group considers appropriate for males and females on the basis of their biological sex.
• Gender Role Stereotype: The socially determined model which contains the cultural beliefs about what the gender roles should be.
• Gender Role Behavior: What people's behaviors actually are.
• Atypical Gender Role: A role that exhibits a gender role at odds with the norm for their gender and class in a society.
• Norms: Behavioral expectations within a society or group enforced by informal rules and societal exclusions.
• Gender Cues: Visual and behavioral traits used to identify gender and gender identity.
• Gender Attribution/Perception: Process by which an observer decides which gender (or sex) they believe another person to be.
• Passing Gender: The gender (or sex) a person is being interpreted as or accepted to be by an observer.
• Binary gender systems where there are two gender identities, two presentations, and two sexes
• Relies on societal gender constructs
• All aspects align to either all-male or all-female norms.
• States a person's gender identity and gender role should be congruent with a person's external genitalia
• Binary coupling of a "male" (active) with a "female" (passive) partner.
• Behavior which could destabilize this assumption are strongly disapproved of or even
l Educate yourself
l Educate others when you have the opportunity
l Be aware of accessibility
l Recognize and respect identities
l Know that there is more than one way to experience an identity
l Allow people to disclose their own information to you, instead of asking possibly intrusive questions
l Keep information private
l Be there: be an understanding ear
Publication of JAC Stringer, Midwest Trans* and Queer Wellness Initiative, based off of the presentation Trans* and GenderQueer 101
• Derby TV/TS Group, 1998 – 2005. Gender Roles - Gender Variance - Gender Identity, Definitions. Retrieved
• Nangeroni, Nancy R. 1996, 2001. Transgenderism, Transgressing Gender Norms. Retrieved
• Nuccitelli, Danica. A Queergendered FAQ. Retrieved
• Stringer, JAC. (2006). GenderQueerism.
• Stringer, JAC. (2007). Queers and Discrimination in US Society.
• Stringer, JAC. (2009). Bending Desire.
• Tracy, Trans Family. Gender 101. Retrieved
• Transgender Law and Policy Institute, Non-Discrimination Laws that include gender identity and expression. Retrieved
• Vitale, Anne PhD,
• Deepika Marya PhD, Leah Wing EdD, GenderBread 2009 - referenced